Possessing Drug Paraphernalia and Avoiding Felony Charge in Maricopa County
Arizona’s applicable statute, A.R.S. 13-3415, is broad enough to include just about anything as paraphernalia.
The statute states that:
"Drug paraphernalia means all equipment, products and materials of any kind which are used, intended for use or designed for use in planting, propagating, cultivating, growing, harvesting, manufacturing, compounding, converting, producing, processing, preparing, testing, analyzing, packaging, repackaging, storing, containing, concealing, injecting, ingesting, inhaling or otherwise introducing into the human body a drug in violation of this chapter.”
This statute specifically cites a long list of things that can be used as paraphernalia. Among them are spoons, bowls, containers, packaging such as plastic kitchen bags, scales, all types of pipes made of various materials, “roach clips,” testing equipment to determine the purity and strength of a drug, mailing envelopes, balloons, bongs, shovels and many other things.
Possible drug paraphernalia defensesThe law provides defenses to ensure your constitutional rights are not violated and a defense is based on the actual circumstances and investigation methods of the case. Common defenses are:
- At the time of your arrest you weren’t told that you have the right to remain silent and that whatever you say can and will be used against you in court. Arresting officers must also tell you that you have the right to an attorney.These Miranda rights protect against self-incrimination.
- Authorities didn’t gather sufficient evidence necessary for proving a case beyond a reasonable doubt.
- Evidence was illegally obtained. Investigators can make mistakes. The law doesn’t allow evidence to be collected without sufficient probable cause or reasonable suspicion to stop you or that evidence was illegally seized.
- You didn’t know the item was paraphernalia, meaning you didn’t know someone was using the thing to ingest or make drugs, so you didn’t intend to commit a crime.
- Entrapment, which happens when investigators using deception or threats caused you to possess drug paraphernalia which you wouldn’t have done acting on your own. A qualified Maricopa County Criminal Defense Attorney can evaluate the state’s evidence against you and hunt for missteps and mistakes made by authorities.
Defense begins when you are arrestedYour defense begins the moment of your arrest. Troopers, while required by law to read you your rights will still push to question you and what you say becomes state’s evidence. Be respectful and decline to say anything except to ask for an attorney.
Possessing drug paraphernalia and a felony convictionPossessing drug paraphernalia in Maricopa County is a class six felony, the lowest in the felony chain, but still a serious charge. It means incarceration if convicted and has consequences impacting your quality of life after serving a sentence.
It also means being stripped of your right to vote and your right to possess and carry a fire arm. A conviction also makes renting a place to live difficult, it dims your prospects of a gainful career or keeping your job, and makes college acceptance challenging.
How to avoid a felony drug convictionIf you’re facing the felony drug paraphernalia charge, your world may not necessarily have to end. In 1989 law enforcement and justice professionals established the Treatment Assessment Screening Center (TASC) diversion program for Maricopa County. Seven other counties in Arizona have their own TASC programs.
TASC is for people who face a felony drug-related charge in Maricopa County, who won’t contest their charge in court, and who would benefit by submitting to a treatment program.
Those who qualify for TASC and choose to enter the program and complete the program may have their case dropped without being charged or dismissed without prejudice, which means the prosecution can’t accuse you again of the same charge.
TASC diversion likely isn’t offered to those convicted of a serious offense, dangerous crimes, sexual offenses or dangerous crimes against children.
The program also saves the financial burden of imprisoning first-time drug offenders. The Maricopa County Attorney’s Office stated that almost 4,000 cases are funneled through TASC in a year. The vast majority, 77.2 percent, are cases involving marijuana, followed by methamphetamine cases at 8.4 percent.
TASC screens applicants carefully, so having a criminal defense attorney at your side to help you during the application process is important. The attorney can build and present arguments in your defense and protect your rights.
A Washington D.C legal rights group in 2018 sued the Maricopa County Attorney’s Office in Arizona U.S. District Court alleging that the county’s TASC targets cannabis users and punishes impoverished people. TASC charges a fee, which can be from $300 to $700, for those accepted in the program.
“Wealthy people buy their way off diversion quickly, while poor people risk being expelled from the program and prosecuted for a felony solely because they cannot afford to pay,” said Dami Animashaun, the lead attorney with the Civil Rights Corps. The group investigated for more than a year. The complaint also alleges that TASC misleads defendants about the consequences of possessing an illegal drug.
Proposition 200 allowed probation onlyTo save taxpayers the burden of incarcerating certain offenders, Arizona voters in 1996 passed with more than 65 percent of the vote Proposition 200, codified as A.R.S. 13-901.01. This law allows a first or second conviction, for nonviolent possession of drug paraphernalia, the offender to receive probation rather than any jail time. The proposition will enable prosecutors to reduce the charge to a misdemeanor. Violating probation, though, means arrest.
How to find a qualified defense attorneyAs you can see, being charged with possession of drug paraphernalia can be complicated. Most people don’t know a skilled defense attorney. One source is to search for an attorney using the Maricopa County Bar Association’s referral service for a fee.
Get free legal adviceYou also can learn about what you’re facing by taking advantage of a free telephonic consultation with Phoenix, AZ Criminal Defense Attorney in Maricopa County, Aaron Black. Just call 480-729-1683 to discuss your situation or contact the Law Office of Aaron Black to learn more.
About the Author
Aaron Black is the founder and sole attorney of the Law Office of Aaron Black. Located in Phoenix, Arizona, his DUI and criminal defense law firm provides legal services to people who have received felony or misdemeanor charges from the state.Aaron has developed a strong interest in defending people who have been arrested and received criminal charges for driving under the influence. With his professionalism and knowledge of Arizona DUI and criminal law, he has acted as a check and balance on the police, prosecution and courts and has protected a great number of his clients from excessive and unfair sentencing.
Along with DUI defense, Aaron handles a range of other criminal matters, including aggravated assault, burglary, domestic violence, drug possession, drug trafficking, fraud defense, insurance fraud, sex crimes and white-collar crime.
After graduating college in 2003 from the University of Arizona, Aaron decided to pursue a law degree. He followed a family long tradition and went to the University of South Dakota School of Law where he pursued his goal of becoming a criminal defense lawyer.
After passing the Arizona and South Dakota bar exams, Aaron joined the Maricopa County Office of the Public Defender where he defended hundreds of people charged with serious criminal offenses. His work as a public defender helped him sharpen his litigation skills and gave him a unique insight into the Arizona criminal justice system.
Over the course of his 15-year legal career, Aaron has spent a considerable amount of time in both Arizona justice, municipal, state and federal courts. He has argued over 50 jury trials, tried over 100 bench trials and has become one of the highest-rated criminal and DUI defense attorneys in Phoenix and the surrounding areas. He has received a 10/10 rating from the legal directory Avvo because of his legal background and successful case record. Since 2014, he has received the Super Lawyer rating for his work as a Phoenix DUI and criminal defense attorney.
You can review Aaron’s Attorney Bio page for more information about his background, education and experience as a Phoenix DUI and criminal defense attorney.