Phoenix, AZ Street Racing’s Dangerous Past & Present
by Aaron Black • May 16, 2019
Racing on our Valley’s streets is as old as the hot rod culture that reached its heyday in the mid-century and as evidenced by Hollywood’s drive-in movies, Hot Rod Girl, Hot Rod Gang, The Wild Ride, Hot Rod Rumble and Hot Rods to Hell. In the mid-1950s the streets and make-shift temporary courses were the only venue for racers.
Since then drag racing has become big business along with construction of dedicated drag racing tracks, including Chandler’s Firebird track. Drag racing organizations and clubs provide supervised and dedicated quarter-mile tracks with safety and emergency services on site.
Yet, some racers are still attracted to underground street racing’s culture and the allure of dangerous competition by using freeways, highways and streets as momentary racing venues. In Phoenix, Central Avenue is a mecca among street racers and three racers were killed on a stretch of the avenue near Butler Drive in 2016.
Racers don’t need high-powered racing cars to compete. Front seat passengers are on duty looking out for police and spectators are on hand to watch the start or finish. Arizona’s street racers even have a Facebook page and communicate about events on hidden message boards.
Arizona’s Street Racing LawArizona Revised Statute §28-708 forbids driving, or in any way participating - and that includes passengers and spectators - in a race, a speed or acceleration competition, a test of physical endurance, an exhibition of speed or accelerating to set a speed record on a public street or a highway.
Arizona law defines racing as one or more vehicles attempting to outrun each other. Drag racing means two or more vehicles starting side-by-side competitively accelerating to outdistance each other.
Other behaviors can be classified as violating this statute such as cutting off other drivers, blocking someone from passing, exacting revenge on a driver who does the cutting off, leaving a red light with a burst of speed, and weaving in and out of traffic lanes passing other vehicles.
Department of Public Safety officers can cite racers not only with this statute but also with criminal speeding and reckless driving, as they did when they arrested 23 people and issued 114 citations on a Sunday night in February 2017. Troopers believe more than 250 street racers in large groups, and blocking I-10, were involved that night.
An exception in Arizona law allows a “properly controlled event” on a highway under certain conditions approved by authorities.
Penalties for Street Racing in Phoenix, AZArizona’s penalties for violating this statue are strict and expensive. Street racing is a class 1 misdemeanor, the most serious of misdemeanors. A second conviction within 24 months of the first raises the new crime to a class 6 felony.
A felony conviction means you won’t be eligible for probation, a pardon, suspension of a sentence, or any other consideration until you’ve served at least 10 days in county jail or prison.
Those who are convicted of this statute for the first time are fined at least $250 and the court may order the person to perform community restitution. Someone convicted of a subsequent violation within 24 months faces a fine of a minimum of $500 along with community restitution.
Your Driver’s License is at Risk
- First conviction your license can be suspended for a maximum of 90 days
- Second conviction within 24 months of the first, your license can be revoked
- Racing counts as eight points against your license
A felony conviction strips you of the right to vote and own or possess a firearm. Colleges can reject your application. Landlords may have legal liability to protect tenants and refuse to rent to you. Professionals who have certifications or licenses endanger suspension or revocation.
If you’re street racing and become involved in an injury or fatal crash, additional charges can be levied such as negligent homicide or vehicular manslaughter, both felonies, and invite civil litigation for monetary damages.
Common Defenses to Street RacingEvery situation has factual and conditional differences but these are the common defenses:
- When you’re stopped by police the officer may be mad at you and start grilling you with questions. I always say, be polite and don’t answer by invoking your Miranda rights. That’s because anything you say will be used against you and you have the right to protect yourself from self-incrimination. There’s no way to talk yourself out of the situation so you don’t have any reason to answer questions.
- You also have the right to an attorney during questioning and if the officer continues to grill you or uses coercion to get you to talk after you’ve invoked your Miranda rights, the officer is violating your constitutional rights.
- It’s possible that the officer did not see a second vehicle so you can argue that a competitive contest didn’t happen.
- You didn’t know another vehicle was racing you so you weren’t racing.
- If another driver exhibits road rage toward you a defense is that you were in fear and needed to escape the other driver.
- Police reports can be careless and contain errors of fact and misstatements.
- Flaws in forensic evidence can occur.
Forming your DefenseA experienced Criminal Defense Attorney like myself is necessary to form your assertive defense by conducting an independent and through investigation, including crash reconstruction to determine if a second driver was at fault or more at fault than you. Every aspect of the state’s case is thoroughly examined for flaws. My goal is to achieve a dismissal of the charges.
If the prosecution has a strong case, if you choose, I can negotiate for a lesser offense and reduced punishment in return for a guilty plea.
Free Case AssessmentThe Law Office of Aaron Black offers personalized service for clients charged with serious criminal offenses in all Arizona City, State, and Federal Courts.
For a free telephonic no-obligation case review 24 hours a day call (480)729-1683 or contact Phoenix, AZ Criminal Defense Attorney Aaron Black.