Dismissed to the Grand Jury. What does this mean?

by Aaron Black • April 24, 2013
If you had a case in the Maricopa County Superior Court - RCC and you declined to accept your plea offer, then your case was most likely Dismissed to the Grand Jury. Don't get excited. Your case was not dismissed.

What this means is that your case went to the Grand Jury. A Grand Jury is a secret hearing where a group of people decide if there is probable cause to hold your case over for trial. If the Grand Jury decides there is enough evidence they hand up an Indictment. An Indictment lists the formal charge(s) against you. 

If you have been Indicted you are now facing serious felony charges in the Maricopa County Superior Court. Felony convictions carry penalties of fines, prison, jail and probation.

Felony offenses are the most serious criminal charges in Arizona. They are more serious than misdemeanors and carry much harsher punishments. The punishments for felony criminal offenses for a person with no prior felony convictions include:
  • Class 6 felony- Class 6 felony carries a maximum punishment of 2 years in prison, 3 years of supervised probation and a $150,000 fine and surcharges. Class 6 felonies can include charges such as possession of drug paraphernalia, resisting arrest, aggravated DUI, theft and possession of marijuana.
     
  • Class 5 felony- A class 5 felony offense carries a maximum punishment of 2.5 years in prison, 3 years of supervised probation and a $150,000 fine and surcharges. Some examples of class 5 felony offenses include theft of a credit card, unlawful flight from law enforcement, criminal damage, theft and aggravated assault on a police officer.
     
  • Class 4 felony- A class 4 felony is punishable by a maximum punishment is 3.75 years in prison, 4 years of probation and a fine of $150,000 plus surcharges. Class 4 felony offenses include aggravated DUI, possession of narcotic drugs, possession of dangerous drugs, misconduct involving weapons, forgery, identity theft and burglary.
     
  • Class 3 felony - A class 3 felony offense is punishable by up to 8.75 years in prison, 5 years of probation and a $150,000 and surcharges. Examples of class 3 felony offenses include theft of a motor vehicle, aggravated assault, possession of marijuana for sale, theft, burglary, aggravated robbery and trafficking stolen property.
     
  • Class 2 felony - A class 2 felony offense is punishable by up to 12.5 years in prison, 7 years of probation and a fine of $150,000 plus surcharges. Class 2 felony offenses include possession of narcotic drugs for sale, possession of dangerous drugs for sale, manslaughter, aggravated assault, sexual assault, child prostitution, armed robbery, assisting a criminal street gang, burglary, discharging a firearm, theft and fraudulent schemes.
     
  • Class 1 felony- A class 1 felony offense is the most serious crime a person can be charged with and is reserved for murder charges only. A class 1 felony carries a minimum of 25 years to life and has a maximum penalty of the death penalty.
If your case was dismissed to the Grand Jury call Aaron Black and start fighting these charges. Aaron Black is a Phoenix Criminal Defense Lawyer and one of the leading trial attorneys in Arizona. Aaron Black is recognized as a 2012 and 2013 Super Lawyer Rising Star in Criminal Defense (Top 2.5% of lawyers under 40 in Arizona and New Mexico). He is rated 10/10 on AVVO.com, and is rated by Martindale-Hubbell as an AV Preeminent Lawyer (the highest level of professional excellence).