Beware of Summertime Boating and Drinking in Arizona
Summertime and boating go hand- in-hand on Arizona’s lakes and rivers but if you’re operating a watercraft while impaired one of several law enforcement agencies can ruin your day and in severe cases harm your way of life.
Just as on the streets, law enforcement is in force on the waterways, particularly on popular holidays. Officers of Arizona Game and Fish, State Park Department, and Maricopa County sheriff’s deputies are watching. Lake Havasu and certain other places are patrolled by the U.S. Coast Guard and federal authorities.
The greater Phoenix area has seven Lakes that law enforcement patrols:
- Apache Lake
- Bartlett Lake
- Canyon Lake
- Saguaro Lake
- Tempe Town Lake
- City Urban Lakes
Arizona Game and Fish has more than 125,000 registered watercrafts on its books, so the waterways are crowded. Impairment by alcohol or drugs is the primary reason for accidents and injuries involving watercrafts.
Did you know you don’t have to be operating the watercraft to be arrested? All you have to be is in “actual physical control.” That means you can be sitting in the boat in close proximity to the controls, or a key on a chain around your neck, to start the engine and still be arrested.
Boating impairment charges - Operating Under The Influence / OUIYou’ve heard of DUI. But instead of “driving”, a watercraft has an “operator” so boating under the influence of alcohol or drugs offense is called Operating under the influence, OUI.
Other than that distinction, the blood-alcohol concentration (BAC) for impairment is the same on water as it is on roads.
Arizona has some of the toughest impairment laws in the nation with a zero tolerance policy for operating a watercraft while impaired to the “slightest degree.” That means if your BAC is below the baseline of 0.08 percent you can still be arrested on a Class 1 misdemeanor charge, the most serious of the misdemeanor classes, under Arizona Revised Statute §28-1381.
More serious OUI offenses are charged for BAC tests showing higher levels. A BAC of .15 is increased to an extreme OUI and a super extreme OUI starts at 0.20 BAC. An OUI charge becomes a felony if someone is hurt, killed or property is significantly damaged in a boating incident.
Reasons authorities can detain youIf you commit an infraction, no matter how small such as an expired boat registration, you can be detained. Authorities look for reckless acts committed on the water:
- Speeding or traveling at a pace that is dangerous for the conditions.
- Showing a wanton or willful disregard for other people or property.
- Not wearing a life jacket or other required safety equipment on board.
- Passengers riding on the gunwales or on an open or closed bow while moving at a speed that causes a wake.
Should an officer suspect that you’re impaired, you’ll be asked to take a field sobriety test and breathe into a breathalyzer that determines your BAC. You can refuse to take these tests, but if you do your driver’s license can be suspended.
Best way to behave when you’re stoppedI always advise people to let the officer build the case and to not contribute to the investigation by convicting yourself in answering questions.
Example: “How much have you had to drink? That’s a leading question and establishes suspicion of intoxication. Just politely say that you prefer to exercise your constitutional right to remain silent. That’s your right under the Fifth Amendment. The questioning should stop but an aggressive officer may continue to question you so don’t be fooled.
You also have the right to have an attorney present during questioning to prevent you from aiding the state’s case.
Possible OUI defensesNot answering questions is your first line of defense. Every OUI case has its particular set of facts and circumstances that will guide your defense. These are possible defenses:
- The officer didn’t have a reasonable suspicion or probable cause to detain you.
- A search of your craft for evidence was illegal.
- The breathalyzer device gave an incorrect reading because of miscalibration or another fault.
- Field sobriety tests aren’t conclusive. Some people may not have the dexterity to stand on one foot or your “sea legs” or some physical ailment can confuse the test results.
- A blood draw may not have been stored properly and is tainted.
- The officer didn’t advise you of your Miranda rights.
OUI penalties are severeA first offense for a Class 1 misdemeanor OUI is punishable by 10 days in jail, but nine of those days can be suspended if you successfully complete an alcohol/drug education class at your own expense. The financial penalty totals $1,510.50. It is possible to stay out of jail on a first time regular DUI.
Second and third misdemeanor convictions increases these punishments.
If a felony conviction happens, you’ll be stripped of your right to vote in elections and the right to own and possess a firearm, among other life-altering events such as the loss of a job or a professional license.
Free, confidential legal consultationKnow your legal options by arranging for my free legal advice without any obligation to hire me. Just call Aaron Black Law at 480-729-1683 to schedule your consultation. I defend OUI cases in Arizona’s justice, municipal, state and federal courts and I provide personalized service so you’ll never be handed off to an assistant.
About the Author
Aaron Black is the founder and sole attorney of the Law Office of Aaron Black. Located in Phoenix, Arizona, his DUI and criminal defense law firm provides legal services to people who have received felony or misdemeanor charges from the state.Aaron has developed a strong interest in defending people who have been arrested and received criminal charges for driving under the influence. With his professionalism and knowledge of Arizona DUI and criminal law, he has acted as a check and balance on the police, prosecution and courts and has protected a great number of his clients from excessive and unfair sentencing.
Along with DUI defense, Aaron handles a range of other criminal defense matters, including aggravated assault, burglary, domestic violence, drug possession, drug trafficking, fraud defense, insurance fraud, sex crimes, and white-collar crime cases.
After graduating college in 2003 from the University of Arizona, Aaron decided to pursue a law degree. He followed a family long tradition and went to the University of South Dakota School of Law where he pursued his goal of becoming a criminal defense lawyer.
After passing the Arizona and South Dakota bar exams, Aaron joined the Maricopa County Office of the Public Defender where he defended hundreds of people charged with serious criminal offenses. His work as a public defender helped him sharpen his litigation skills and gave him a unique insight into the Arizona criminal justice system.
Over the course of his 15-year legal career, Aaron has spent a considerable amount of time in both Arizona justice, municipal, state and federal courts. He has argued over 50 jury trials, tried over 100 bench trials and has become one of the highest-rated criminal and DUI defense attorneys in Phoenix and the surrounding areas. He has received a 10/10 rating from the legal directory Avvo because of his legal background and successful case record. Since 2014, he has received the Super Lawyer rating for his work as a Phoenix DUI and criminal defense attorney.
You can review Aaron’s Attorney Bio page for more information about his background, education and experience as a Phoenix DUI and criminal defense attorney.